10 Beneficial insects List
finding these insects in your garden will benefit your green space in more ways than one here are some reasons why and descriptions of the insects.
1.) LADYBUG (Lady beetles): belong to the family known as Coccinellidae. There are over 6,000 known lady beetle species in the world.
They are known to be predatory insects an eat other insects such as aphids, spider mites, etc. They also like to eat nectar of dill, sunflowers, marigolds, Fennel s an many more.
Mature ladybugs can grow up to 1 cm long. The larva can grow up to 1/25cm
2.) Tiny wasps (fairy-flies): are tiny insects that are in the Chalcidoidea super family. There are 23,000 species of chalcid wasp.
Their size can grow to 0.5 to 1.0 mm (0.020 to 0.039 in) long. They are known to be the world's smallest insect, with a body length of only 0.139 mm (0.0055 in), and the smallest known flying insect, only 0.15 mm (0.0059 in) long.
These little fairy flies there really great at hunting other insects Eggs while they are hatching keeping the other insect population in line like Leafhoppers, Book-lice even Flies.
3.) Butter Flies: belong to the super family known as Papilionoidea There are about known 17,500 species of butterflies in the world.
Butterflies Vary in sizes from 1/8 inches to 12 inches.
Butterflies aren't predatory insects but rather feed off the nectar and transfer pollen from plant to plant well feeding an looking for nectar the transfer of pollen helps the process called pollination of all the plants that it travels to helping it produce fruit/vegetables.
4.) Hover Flies: are a part of the syrphid family there are 6,000 known species in the world
A Hover fly ranges from ¼ to 1¼ inches in size
Adult Hover fly's feed on the nectar of plants while feeding the nectar from plants the pollen gets on their bodies an that helps pollinate other plants. The adults aren't the ones you need to keep an eye out for its their larva they take out aphids on the under leaves.
5.) Spiders: There are about 48,000 Different species of spiders in the world 120 families in total.
Spider sizes can differ from (0.3 - 3.5) inches.
Spiders aren’t natural predators. They do however like to eat Mosquitoes, ants, moths, aphids, flies and many more insects from the garden or where ever they spin a web.
6.) Green Lace Wings: are a part of the Chrysopidae family there are around 2,000 known species in the world.
Mature Lace wings came grow to Lengths of 11mm to 14mm (0.43" to 0.55").
Green Lace Wings eat both Nectar's/pollen's they have short mouths so they can't reach has far. Short bloomed flowers will be best for lacewings to feed for nectar's and pollen an aphid's honeydew well the larva eats insects they like aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, leaf-hopper nymphs, moth eggs, scale, thrips, and white-flies.
7.) Damsel Bugs: are a part of the Nabidae family there are 400 known species around the world
Damsel bugs can grow to size ranging from 1/6 to 1/2 inch (4–13 mm) long, varying by the species.
Damsel bugs like to eat insects such has aphid's, grasshoppers, leaf hopper's, spider mites, caterpillars, corn-worms, cabbage worms, sawflies an many more. planting Herbs such as dill, fennel, lavender, coriander, or chamomile should be planted to attract damsel bugs for food and shelter.
8.) Aphid Midges: are a part of the Cecidomyiidae family. There are more than 4,000 species of aphids 250 of which are pest to crops.
Their size can range from larva to adult are 2-3 mm long.
Aphid midges can eat up to 60 - 70 different species of aphids. Aphid midge's larva can consume 1- 50 aphids a day Flowers that attract aphid midges. Dill, Marigolds, Nasturtiums, thyme, parsley. There are many more that could be added to help benefit the garden.
9.) Assassin Bugs: are a part of the Reduviidae family they are predatory insects. In the world there is about 7,000 known species in this family.
They can range in sizes from 5 - 40 mm (0.2 to 1.6 inches)
Assassin bugs like to eat Eggs of other insects, caterpillar larva, aphids an can sometimes even eat other predatory insects such as lady bugs or tiny wasps. These assassin bugs are attracted to flowers such has Marigolds, Dill, Daises, Dandelions, Fennel s, and Tansys
10.) Soldier Beetles: are a part of the coleoptera family there are 3,500 known species around the world
The adult's sizes can range from 5 - 15 mm (0.2 and 0.6 inch).
Soldier Beetles like to feed mainly on nectar and pollen but they will eat soft bodied insect such as aphids, and mites. They like having flowers such as Marigolds, Zinna, Cone flower, Asters, Golden rods, to keep their larva sheltered an also great food for them.